Electricity generation is accompanied by unavoidable disturbance to the natural environment and can have a significant visual impact.
Iceland’s energy landscape
Landsvirkjun held an open meeting this year in cooperation with the Federation of Icelandic Landscape Architects to discuss possible avenues in creating a balance between the landscape, landscaping and resource utilisation. The meeting was part of an open symposium to mark Landsvirkjun’s 50th Anniversary.
The impact of man on the landscape in a historical context and the interaction between hydropower and architecture were some of the issues discussed. There was also discussion on whether the visual effects of power structures were reversible with respect to visual aspects and landscape and the integration of development with the surrounding landscape in terms of visual effects.
Among the speakers was Gavin Lister, a landscape architect from New Zealand and founder of Isthmus “a design practice with expertise in areas of landscape architecture, urban design and landscape planning”. Gavin spoke about the energy landscape and the similarities between Iceland and New Zealand in terms of scenery, conditions and renewable energy. The presentation highlighted the fact that although Iceland and New Zealand share many similarities, the challenges are even greater in Iceland because of the lack of forested areas, the delicate vegetation and special nature of the environment. He emphasised the importance of landscape design in projects in Iceland. Gavin‘s presentation can be accessed here:
Design in Energy Landscapes
Landsvirkjun carries out extensive monitoring and detailed research within the areas affected by its operations. The Company also conducts extensive research on the environmental impact of potential power projects. The objective is to assess how and if Landsvirkjun’s operations affect nature and the ecosystems within these areas. The research is carried out in cooperation with the various universities, research institutes and independent specialists. A number of reports are released every year and most of these are available (in Icelandic) via the website Gegnir.is and at the Company library. The reports are mostly only available in Icelandic.
|Land reclamation and re-forestation
|Þeistareykjavegur nyrðri og virkjunarsvæði : uppgræðsluaðgerðir 2014 og áætlaðar aðgerðir 2015.
|Umhverfishópur Landsvirkjunar. Skýrsla sumarvinnu 2015.
|Gróðurstyrking við Hálslón og á Hraunum, Fljótsdalsheiði [rafrænt] : framkvæmdir og árangur 2015.
|Gróðurstyrking á Húsey 2015 : framkvæmdir og árangur 2015 : tillaga að áætlun 2016.
|Erosion and sedimentation
|Blöndulón : vöktun á strandrofi og áfoki : áfangaskýrsla 2014.
|Hálslón : sethjallar og rofsaga.
|Úttekt og mælingar á áfoki við strönd Hálslóns [rafrænt] : áfangaskýrsla 2015.
|Landbrot á bökkum Hálslóns í Kringilsárrana : úttekt 2015.
|Visual impact and landscaping
|Þeistareykjavegur syðri : landmótunarfrágangur vegar frá virkjun við Þeistareyki að Kísilvegi.
|Sjónræn áhrif. Búrfellslundur : vindmyllur í Rangárþingi Ytra og Skeiða- og Gnúpverjahreppi.
|Landslagsgreining : vindmyllur í Rangárþingi Ytra og Skeiða- og Gnúpverjahreppi.
|Landmótunarfrágangur á námum við Kröflu : Grænagilsöxl og Sandabotnaskarð.
|Borsvæði við Víti KJ-40 : landmótunarfrágangur og vistheimt.